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what common features do all cultures have?
what does the term «culture» mean?
what different features do all cultures have?
culture is a term, which is used by social scientists for a people’s whole way of life. in its narrow meaning, culture is activities in such fields as art, literature, and music. social consider that a people's culture consists of all ideas, objects, and ways how people create things. culture includes arts, beliefs, customs, inventions, language, technology, and traditions. the term "civilization" is similar, but it refers mostly to scientifically more advanced ways of life. a culture is any way of life, simple or complex.
all cultures have features that result from basic needs, which are shared by all people. every culture has methods of obtaining food and shelter. there is also a way to keep order: a system of police, courts, and prisons. every culture has ways to protect itself against invaders. it also has family relationships, religious beliefs. all societies have forms of artistic expression, such as painting, music, etc. in addition, each culture has some type
cultures differ in their details from one part of the world to another. for example, eating is a biological need. but what people eat, when and how they eat, and how food is prepared differ from culture to culture. people do not realize how greatly culture influences their behaviour until they come across other ways of doing things. people feel most comfortable within their own culture, and they prefer the company of others who share their culture. when people have to deal with persons of another culture, even small differences in behaviour may make them uneasy.
ряд телевизионных или радио программ о жизни и проблемах определенной группы людей. они идут длительное время и транслируются несколько раз в неделю.
программы, показывающие обычных людей в их каждодневной жизни или помещающие людей в специально построенный дом, где их могут снимать круглосуточно и им проблемы для решения.
программы, показывающие конкурсы и викторины.
зачастую ведут известные телевизионные личности.
шоу "телемарафон", во время которой люди звонят и (donate) жертвуют деньги.
звонить в телевизионные шоу, где юди могут как покупать показанные товары так и оставлять заявки на них.
телевизионные шоу показывающие живую или записанную музыку.
телевизионные шоу показывающие такие темы, как мода, , здоровье и досуг.
программы о садоводстве часто (fronded - это возможно опечатка - founded) созданные/основанные знаменитой личностью.
people have lived on our planet for many years. they lived and live on different continents, in different countries. people depend on their planet, on the sun, on animals and plants around them. people must take care of earth. our ecology becomes worse and worse with every new day. many species of animals and birds are disappearing nowadays. people destruct wildlife, cut down trees to make furniture. they forget that people can’t live without trees and plants, because they fill air with oxygen. and, of course, great problems are population and animals destruction. the main reason of pollution is rubbish. most of our rubbish goes to big holes in the ground, called ‘dumps’. but dumps are very dangerous for our life ‘cause they are full of rats, which can carry infections away from dumps. another way to get rid of rubbish is to burn it. but the fires make poisons, which go into the air and pollute it. but pollution isn’t the only actual problem. every day a big number of animals dissapeares. people kill animals for different aims: e.g. people hunt whales for their meat and oil; elephants for their tusks, crocodiles for their leather and so on. and also animals are used for medical experiments. the most wide – speared from such animals are monkeys. modern life is bad for animals, birds, fish. the air isn’t fresh and the water isn’t pure. they don’t have good meal and facilities for the life. you can find their names in the red book. of course, people can’t stay indifferent to these problems. there are a lot of special organizations, which try to save our nature. the most known are: the royal society for the prevention of cruelty to animals (the rspca), the world wildlife fund (wwf) and greenpeace. the rspca tries to protect animals from bad use. it operates big nation campaigns aimed at lost pets, circus animals. the wwf rescued several species of animals, mammals as well as birds. these organization also helped to create more than 250 national parks. greenpeace began its work 20 years ago from saving whales. and now greenpeace is a world-famous organization, which saves plants, animals and people. these organization, want to rescue animals, to help them to survive and to save jungle rain forests, which are in danger of destruction. and they also help animals ‘cause many of them have already gone as they have nowhere to live. their homes, the trees, have disappeared. we must save wild animals. and we must find the right way to save land, people and animals. we must lake care of nature, because we are part of it.